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澳大利亚珀斯论文代写:专门化和贸易

比较优势法则解释了各国如何利用和利用专门化和贸易。考虑到任何两种商品/商品,国家制造业的好/商品和较低的机会成本据说具有比较优势。简而言之,一个国家生产产品的成本低于其他国家生产的能力。专业化为这个国家提供了相对于其他贸易参与者的比较优势。贸易活动的基础必须以每一个国家削减在其贸易交换中交换的商品的机会成本为指导。Heckscher和Ohlin的理论根据李嘉图的比较优势模型,提出不同的成本不仅是国家间不同的劳动禀赋,而且是不同的资本和土地禀赋。例如,像沙特阿拉伯这样的国家,其石油储量要远远高于法国。另一方面,法国在国防工业中拥有丰富的熟练劳动力和资本设备。因此,该理论认为,沙特阿拉伯将专门生产石油,法国生产国防设备,两国将为另一种产品进行贸易.

澳大利亚珀斯论文代写:专门化和贸易

The Law of Comparative Advantage explicates how nations can take advantage of and exploit specialisation and trade. Given any two goods/commodities, the nation manufacturing the good/commodity with the lower opportunity cost is said to have a comparative advantage. In simple terms, it is the capability of a nation to produce a product at a lower cost than others can produce it. Specialising provides that nation with a comparative advantage vis-à-vis other trade players. The basis of trade activities must be directed in a way where each country cuts the opportunity costs of the goods being swapped in their trade exchanges. Heckscher and Ohlin’s theory, adapted from Ricardo’s comparative advantage model, suggested that different costs were the result not only of dissimilar labour endowments between countries, but also of different capital and land endowments. For example, a country like Saudi Arabia is much more amply endowed with oil than say France. France, on the other hand, has a rich abundance of skilled labour and capital equipment in the defence industry. Hence the theory would suggest that Saudi Arabia would specialise in producing oil, France in producing defence equipment and that the two countries will trade one product for the other (Anderton, Alain, 2004).

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