Assignment help

澳洲布里斯班论文代写:国家做生意

看起来奇怪的是,一家公司决定在另一个国家做生意,因为它不知道这个国家的法律、地方风俗或商业惯例可能会面临一些挑战,从而降低经理预测业务状况的能力。外国市场进口所造成的额外费用对本地企业的兴趣不大。企业也可以通过运输成本和其他关税和非关税壁垒使自己的市场与竞争隔绝,这将迫使它们竞争并减少利润。企业可以通过合并或收购来最大化其共同收益,从而降低共同市场的竞争。这也可以在国外市场很少有替代品或有限的许可证的情况。国家有时国内各地区相互竞争的公司设施的建立,随后的税收、就业和经济活动。为了竞争,国家和区域政治区必须向跨国公司提供奖励,如减税、政府援助承诺或改善基础设施。当这些激励措施失败时,它们将面临挑战,限制了它们对外国投资更有吸引力的机会。然而,一些学者认为跨国公司正在进行“竞争至上”,跨国公司当然认为低税收负担或低劳动力成本是比较优势的一部分,没有证据表明跨国公司有意利用税收环境管制或糟糕的劳工标准。

澳洲布里斯班论文代写:国家做生意

It may seem strange that a corporation has decided to do business in a different country, where it doesn’t know the laws, local customs or business practices of such a country is likely to face some challenges that can reduce the manager’s ability to forecast business conditions. The additional costs caused by the entrance in foreign markets are of less interest for the local enterprise. Firms can also in their own market be isolated from competition by transportation costs and other tariff and non-tariff barriers which can force them to competition and will reduce their profits. The firms can maximize their joint income by merger or acquisition which will lower the competition in the shared market. This could also be the case if there are few substitutes or limited licenses in a foreign market.Countries and sometimes subnational regions compete against one another for the establishment of MNC facilities, subsequent tax revenue, employment, and economic activity. To compete, countries and regional political districts must offer incentives to MNCs such as tax breaks, pledges of governmental assistance or improved infrastructure. When these incentives fail they are liable to face challenges which limit their chance of becoming more attractive to foreign investment. However, some scholars have argued that multinationals are engaged in a ‘race to the top.’ While multinationals certainly regard a low tax burden or low labor costs as an element of comparative advantage, there is no evidence to suggest that MNCs deliberately avail themselves of tax environmental regulation or poor labour standards.

发表评论