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澳洲珀斯论文代写:国际成功的程度

迄今为止的讨论指出,一个国家在某一产业中可能取得国际成功的程度是要素禀赋、需求条件、相关和支持产业以及国内竞争的综合影响的函数。很明显,这些决定因素是相互关联的。每个人都受到其他人的影响,反过来又影响其他人。所有这四个组件的存在通常需要这个钻石,以提高竞争力的表现,但也有例外。Porter还指出,政府可以正面或负面地影响钻石四个组成部分中的每一个。要素禀赋可以受到补贴、资本市场政策、教育政策等因素的影响。国内需求也可以通过规定买方需要的当地产品标准或条例来制定。政府政策也可以通过管制来影响支持和相关产业,并通过资本市场监管、税收政策和反托拉斯法等手段影响企业的竞争。因此,各国应从钻石的所有四个部分都有利的行业出口产品,而不是在那些不利于零部件的地区进口,以取得竞争优势。

澳洲珀斯论文代写:国际成功的程度

The discussion so far, points out that, the degree to which a nation is likely to achieve international success in a certain industry is a function of the combined impact of factor endowments, demand conditions, related and supporting industries, and domestic rivalry. It is very obvious that these determinants are interrelated. Each is influenced by the others and in turn, influences the others. The presence of all these four components is usually required for this diamond to boost competitive performance although there are exceptions. Porter also points out that government can influence each of the four components of the diamond either positively or negatively. Factor endowments can be affected by subsidies, policies toward capital markets, policies toward education and others. Domestic demand can also be shaped through local product standards or regulations that mandate buyer needs. Government policy can also influence supporting and related industries through regulation and influence firm rivalry through such devices as capital market regulation, tax policy and antitrust laws. Countries should therefore be exporting products from those industries where all four components of the diamond are favourable, than importing in those areas where the components are not favourable in order to achieve competitive advantage.

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