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澳洲法学论文代写:刑事司法

刑事司法是一门科学学科,在这一学科中教书、研究、学习、管理或实践的人都遵守科学和学术的一般原则。他们还认识到,任何科学学科中知识的发现、创造、传播和积累都涉及各个层面的伦理考虑。《刑事司法科学院道德规范》(ACJS)规定了1)一般原则和2)道德标准,这些原则和标准是刑事司法科学院成员的职业责任和行为的基础,以及执行这些原则和标准的政策和程序。刑事司法科学院的成员资格要求每个成员在日常专业活动中确定道德行为时遵守ACJS的道德准则。纯粹属于个人的、与刑事司法作为一门科学学科无关的活动不受本道德规范的约束。本守则所载的一般原则表达了刑事司法科学院在其个别成员的专业活动范围内对道德行为的价值观念和理想。成员在制定具体情况下的道德行动方针时应考虑一般原则,行政协调会的道德委员会和执行局在决定是否发生违反道德行为和是否应实施制裁时可考虑这些原则。道德标准为学院个别成员在特定情况下的行为制定了可执行的规则。大多数伦理标准都是宽泛编写的,以在不同的角色和不同的环境中提供应用程序。伦理标准不是穷尽的——没有包含在伦理标准中的行为不一定是伦理或不道德的。道德标准总是应该在一般原则的范围内加以解释。违反《道德守则》可能导致对刑事司法科学院个别成员的制裁,包括限制或终止该成员资格。

澳洲法学论文代写:刑事司法

Criminal Justice is a scientific discipline and those who teach, research, study, administer or practice in this discipline subscribe to the general tenets of science and scholarship. They also recognize that the discovery, creation, transmission and accumulation of knowledge in any scientific discipline involves ethical considerations at every level. The Code of Ethics of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS) sets forth 1) General Principles and 2) Ethical Standards that underlie members of the Academy’s professional responsibilities and conduct, along with the 3) Policies and Procedures for enforcing those principles and standards. Membership in the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences commits individual members to adhere to the ACJS Code of Ethics in determining ethical behavior in the context of their everyday professional activities. Activities that are purely personal and not related to criminal justice as a scientific discipline are not subject to this Code of Ethics. The General Principles contained in this Code express the values and ideals of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences for ethical behavior in the context of the professional activities of individual members of the Academy. The general principles should be considered by members in arriving at an ethical course of action in specific situations, and they may be considered by the Ethics Committee and the Executive Board of the ACJS in determining whether ethical violations have occurred and whether sanctions should be applied. The Ethical Standards set forth enforceable rules for the behavior of individual members of the Academy in specific situations. Most of the ethical standards are written broadly, to provide applications in varied roles and varied contexts. The Ethical Standards are not exhaustive–conduct that is not included in the Ethical Standards is not necessarily ethical or unethical. The Ethical Standards should always be interpreted in the context of the General Principles. Violations of the Code of Ethics may lead to sanctions associated with individual membership in the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, including restrictions on or termination of that membership.

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