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澳洲环境学代写论文:自然

自然可以被看作是美丽和和谐的,但它也激发了人类的恐惧,为了生存不得不与之斗争。如今,自然受到了人类的威胁,人类已经脱离了自然。科技赋予了人类一个主要地质机构的力量,它可以在大陆甚至全球范围内起作用(如酸雨、光化学烟雾、放射性污染、平流层臭氧损耗、气候变化)。这些人为的环境问题单靠技术是无法解决的。随着人口的增长,技术、污染和对有限资源的需求开始对地球的容量产生影响。人类对环境的态度发生了根本性的变化,最重要的是,要避免在环境中自我毁灭,需要有必要的法律和激励的道德基础。根据百仕通(1974),环境危机的主要原因是错误的价值观和态度,“我们可以利用环境的态度没有限制,生产的商品比使用它们的人,更重要的是,自然将提供无限的资源,我们没有义务后代节约资源,持续增长的人口是可取的,权利拥有尽可能多的孩子想要的是一个未受侵犯的权利,技术的问题的答案是更多的技术,和总差异和不平等的分配商品和服务的可接受”。

澳洲环境学代写论文:自然

Nature can be seen as beautiful and harmonious but it also inspires fear in man who has had to fight it in order to survive. Nowadays, nature is threatened by man who has become detached from it. Technology has endowed humans with the power of a major geological agency, which may act on a continental or even planetary scale (e.g. acid rain, photochemical smog, radioactive contamination, stratospheric ozone depletion, climate change). These man-made environmental problems cannot all be solved by technology alone.As human population growth, technology, pollution and demands on finite resources begin to tax the earth’s capacity. A fundamental change in man’s attitude toward the environment and most important of all, an ethical basis for the necessary legal and incentives is required for the man to avoid self-destruction in the environment. According to Blackstone (1974), the main cause of environmental crisis is mistaken values and attitudes, which are “the attitudes that we can exploit the environment without restrictions, that the production of goods is more important than the people who use them, that nature will provide unlimited resources, that we have no obligation to future generations to conserve resources, that continued increases in human population is desirable and that the right to have as many children as one wants is an inviolate right, that the answer to the problems of technology is more technology, and that gross differences and inequities in the distribution of goods and services are quite acceptable”.

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