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澳洲麦考瑞大学论文代写:研究罪犯

在继续之前,需要提供一些简短的评论关于欣赏研究罪犯和受害者。Zedner(2002)认为,受害者现在吸引空前的兴趣作为犯罪学探究的主题,因此,他们现在的学术研究的焦点。这无疑是真的,但定量研究受害者最强,尽管一些重要的定性工作已经开展。这种形式的研究很大程度上是由女权主义者关心的是家庭暴力,性暴力和虐待儿童。罪犯和受害者的日益增长的兴趣,研究仍在继续。然而,随着马奎尔(2002:369)认为,最近的研究关注太少他犯罪行为的“现实”。这指的是“知识犯罪行为本身,罪犯是如何理解和利用犯罪机会,关于国际米兰——罪犯之间的行为和他们如何看待和应对风险”(2002:369)定性研究可以补充定量研究在很多方面。首先,使用定性方法有助于为研究工具的设计提供定量数据的集合。王(2000)在监狱已经使用这种策略进行研究。他建议从观察和记录开始,然后移动到访谈和问卷调查。后者可用于测试研究结果的普遍性在更广泛的人群。通过管理问卷调查结束时,现场反应率也提高了研究人员与研究参与者建立了融洽的关系。

澳洲麦考瑞大学论文代写:研究罪犯

Before moving on, a few brief comments need to be offered about appreciative research with offenders and victims. Zedner (2002) argues that victims now attract an unprecedented level of interest as a subject of criminology enquiry, and as a result, they are now a central focus of academic research.This is undoubtedly true but quantitative research on victims has been strongest, although some important qualitative work has been undertaken.This form of research has been largely done by feminists concerned with domestic violence, sexual violence and child abuse. Alongside the growing interest with victims, research on offenders continues. However, as Maguire (2002: 369) contends, too little recent research has focused on what he terms the ‘reality’ of criminal behaviour. This refers to ‘knowledge about offending behaviour itself, about how offenders understand and exploit criminal opportunities, about the inter- actions between offenders and how they perceive and respond to risk’ (2002: 369)Qualitative research can complement quantitative research in a number of ways. Firstly, using qualitative approaches can help to inform the design of research instruments for the collection of quantitative data. King (2000) has used this strategy to conduct research in prisons. He suggests beginning with observation and records, then moving on to interviews and ending with questionnaires.The latter can be used to test the generality of the findings in the wider population. By administering questionnaires at the end of the fieldwork the response rate is also boosted as the researcher has established rapport with the research participants.

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