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澳洲墨尔本大学论文代写:柏拉图

柏拉图接着详述了如果囚犯不得不看着火焰本身会发生什么。根据柏拉图,囚犯的眼睛会疼痛,他会试图逃避到他可以看到明显的东西。然后囚犯会相信他们更清楚,然后那些其他的对象被显示给他。柏拉图还解决了如果囚犯被强行沿着陡峭而坚固的上升拖走,直到他面对阳光,才会放手。囚犯将受到他的待遇如此的影响,他将遭受痛苦和混乱。然后,囚犯将被太阳的光遮蔽,并且不能看到他被告知的任何物体现在存在和​​真实。

囚犯需要变得习惯,才能看到“上层世界”中的东西。他必须从小开始,观察诸如阴影和反射之类的东西,然后才能看到更复杂的图像,如天空的光线,月亮的光线,和星星。然后囚犯将继续前往观看太阳并考虑其存在。从审查它,囚犯然后会得出结论,太阳产生季节和一年的过程,并控制一切在可见的世界,此外,这是他和他的同伴使用看到的一切的原因。囚犯然后会考虑他以前的囚犯,他肯定会认为自己在改变的快乐,并会感到遗憾他们。囚犯可能有一个练习,他们尊敬和赞扬彼此,有一个奖的人谁有最强烈的眼睛的阴影的传递和最好的记忆,他们跟随或陪同彼此的顺序,使他可以很好地猜测下一步是什么。柏拉图质疑释放的囚犯是否可能怂恿这些奖品,或羡慕那些在洞穴中崇高荣誉或权力的人。柏拉图质疑囚犯是否像荷马的阿喀琉斯,他会更快地忍受“在地上作为一个无地人的房子里的雇佣仆人”或忍受任何东西,而后回到他的旧信仰和生活在旧的方式。

澳洲墨尔本大学论文代写:柏拉图

Plato then goes on to detail what would happen if the prisoner had to look at the firelight itself. According to Plato, the prisoner’s eyes would ache and he would try to escape to the things he could see distinctly. The prisoner would then be convinced that they were clearer then those other objects being shown to him. Plato also addresses what would happen if the prisoner were to be dragged away forcibly up the steep and rugged ascent and would not be let go until he faced the sunlight. The prisoner would be so affected by his treatment that he would suffer pain and confusion. The prisoner would then be blinded by the light of the sun and would not be able to see any of the objects he was told were now existent and real.

The prisoner would need to grow accustomed before he could see things in the “upper world.” He would have to start small, viewing things such as shadows and reflections before he viewed more complex images such as that of sky, the light of the moon, and the stars. The prisoner would then move on to view the Sun and contemplate its existence. From examining it, the prisoner would then conclude that the Sun produces the seasons and the course of the year and controls everything in the visible world, and moreover it is the cause of all that he and his companions use to see. The prisoner would then consider his former fellow prisoners and he would surely think himself happy in the change and would feel sorry for them. The prisoners may have had a practice where they honored and commended one another, with a prize for the man who had the keenest eye for the passing of shadows and the best memory for the order in which they followed or accompanied one another, so that he could make a good guess as to which was going to come next. Plato questions whether the released prisoner would be likely to covet those prizes or to envy the men exalted to honor or power in the cave. Plato questions if the prisoner would be like Homer’s Achilles, and he would far sooner endure “being on earth as a hired servant in the house of a landless man” or endure anything rather then go back to his old beliefs and live in the old way.

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