Assignment help

澳洲西澳大学论文代写:犯罪学

有效评估和治疗犯罪行为的基本依据是对病因学理论的认识和全面理解。这提供了一个核心框架,从中绘制罪犯之间的相互关系提出临床现象和中央心理变量。在与性犯罪相关的文献中,Ward和Hudson(1998)忽略了将病因学理论概念化为两种类型的有意义的方法;单因素和多因素理论(Ward&Hudson,1998)。正如这些数字贯穿整篇文章,它是有利于解决每个风格。单因素理论是那些侧重于解释孤独因素及其与犯罪的因果关系的理论。相反,多因素理论将各种单因素理论结合成一个彻底的犯罪概要,提供了如何将因素合并以促进违规行为的记述
详细描述的另一种相对欠发达的理论是分类学分类或类型学。在这里,基于共同的激励因素,个性特征,人口统计学特征或每个特征的组合,将各种罪犯分为小组(Gannon&Pina,2010)。这些分类代表单方面的集合,当被认为足够和可靠时,在评估和治疗中发挥有效作用,以及饲养更全面的犯罪行为理论(Gannon等,2012)。因为这个原因,类型学将在本评价开始时出现。然而,在开始之前,描绘构成典型的火炉的是有益的。

澳洲西澳大学论文代写:犯罪学

A fundamental basis for effective assessment and treatment of criminal behaviour is awareness of, and comprehensive understanding of etiological theory. This provides a core framework from which to plot the interrelationships between an offenders presented clinical phenomena and central psychological variables. Within literature relating to sexual offending, Ward and Hudson (1998) eluded to a meaningful method of conceptualising etiological theory into two types; single factor and multi factor theories (Ward & Hudson, 1998). As these figure throughout the essay, it is favourable to address each style. Single factor theories are those which focus on explaining a lone factor and its causal relationship with offending. Conversely, multifactor theories unite various single factor theories into a thorough outline of offending, providing an account of how the factors are merged to facilitate offending behaviour (Gannon, Ó Ciardha, Doley & Alleyne, 2012).

A further, and relatively underdeveloped form of theory absent from those detailed by Ward and Hudson (1998) is taxonomic classification, or typologies. Here, various offenders are subtyped into groups, based on shared motivational factors, personality characteristics, demographic aspects or a combination of each (Gannon & Pina, 2010). These classifications represent unilateral assemblage that when deemed sufficient and reliable, play an effective role in assessment and treatment, as well as feeding into more comprehensive theories of offence behaviour (Gannon et al, 2012). Because of this reason, typologies will feature at the beginning of this evaluation. Before commencing however, it is beneficial to portray what constitutes the typical firesetter.

如果您在西澳读书,遇到学术难题,或作业不会写,可以查看我们的 珀斯论文代写服务

发表评论