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澳洲墨尔本论文代写:伦理体系的理念

或许,首先要让绝对主义的伦理体系的理念与现实世界的需求相协调,这一点很关键。W.T. Stace是同样观点的支持者,他认为只有一种被认为是道德正确的普遍行为准则才能存在。康德的义务伦理学同样指出,唯一好的行为是行为,当它普遍化时,会产生最大的道德效果,如定言命令所示。因此,在康德的伦理哲学中,我们可以这样说,只要坚持普遍性原则,就可以存在一个绝对主义的伦理体系,因为从根本上说,非追随者是有缺陷的,而不是体系本身,这也是康德的立场。道德相对主义不能在问题的结构中得到很好的考虑,因为接受一个道德相对体系本身就会在道德性的基础上引起重大问题。道德相对主义导致存在虚无主义,因为接受所有的伦理体系就等于不接受任何伦理体系;对与错的基本概念是不可能存在的,因为对与错很可能因人而异,因此两者都是抽象概念,没有真正的意义或动机。问题范围内的道德相对主义会使问题变得毫无意义,因为任何伦理相关的系统都不能赋予伦理责任,它的定义和性质将因系统而异、人而异、地而异。

澳洲墨尔本论文代写:伦理体系的理念

Perhaps it is key to first reconcile the idea of an absolutist ethical system with the demands of the real world. W.T. Stace was a proponent of the same, arguing that only a single universal code of conduct could exist which was deemed morally correct. Kantian deontological ethics similarly stated that the only good action was the action that, when universalized, would have maximum moral effect, as demonstrated by the categorical imperative. Therefore, under Kantian ethical philosophy, we can state that as long as the principle of Universalizability is adhered to, an absolutist ethical system can exist, for it is then the non-adherents who are fundamentally flawed, and not the system itself, a position taken by Kant as well. Moral relativism cannot be well considered within the structure of the question, for to accept a morally relative system would cause, in itself, major issues within the foundations of ethicality. Moral relativism then leads towards existential nihilism, for to accept all ethical systems is akin to accepting none; No fundamental idea of right or wrong can exist, for right and wrong may well differ from individual to individual, and both are therefore abstract concepts with no real meaning or motive. Moral relativism within the scope of the question would render the question pointless, for no ethically relative system can assign ethical responsibility, the definition and nature of which will differ from system to system, person to person, and place to place.

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