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澳洲哲学论文代写:邪恶的天才

此外,笛卡尔通过想象存在一个“邪恶的天才”,将他对毫无疑问的真理的探索发挥到了极致。笛卡儿认为邪恶的天才是拥有上帝的力量,但不是善良的人。“邪恶的天才”决定欺骗我们,让我们认为有一个物理世界,而实际上没有。例如,使用著名的黑客帝国电影,在电影中使用的机器将被认为是“邪恶的天才”。在我们看来,一切都是真实的就像在矩阵里一样,但没有一样是真实的。然而,笛卡尔并不相信这个“邪恶的天才”的存在,但基于我们的感官体验,没有办法排除它的存在。因此,当我们的头脑必须承认一加二等于三的时候,我们怎么能怀疑一加二不等于三呢?笛卡尔用“邪恶的天才”的概念来假设也许有一个“邪恶的上帝”在欺骗我们,让我们无法得到正确的答案。尽管如此,我们总是认为一加二等于三。也许这个上帝实际上是在欺骗我们,而实际上它等于4。笛卡尔把这种情况联系在一起,我们对自己对某一事实的信念是绝对自信的,但尽管如此,我们后来经常发现我们对事实的认识是错误的。这可能是我们数学真理的一个例子,一个“邪恶的上帝”在欺骗我们,让我们每次计算或计算的时候都不能得到正确的答案。

澳洲哲学论文代写:邪恶的天才

Furthermore, Descartes took his search for the truth that is beyond any doubt to the extreme by imagining that there is an ‘evil genius’. Descartes consider the evil genius to be someone who has the power of God, but who is not good. The ‘evil genius’ is determined to deceive us into thinking that there is a physical world when in fact there is none. For example, using the famous Matrix movie, the machines that are used in the movie would be considered as the ‘evil geniuses’. Everything would seem to us to be real just like in the matrix, but none of it would be real. However, Descartes does not actually believe that this ‘evil genius’ exists, but there is no way to ruled it out based on our sensory experience. Hence, how can we doubt that one plus two does not equals three when our minds necessarily admit that it equals three? Descartes used the concept of the ‘evil genuis’ to hypothesize that maybe there is an ‘evil god’ who is deceiving us from getting the correct answer. Even though, we always think that one plus two equals three. Maybe this god is actually tricking us, and in reality it equals four. Descartes linked this circumstance where we are absolutely confident about our belief toward a certain fact, but despite this confident we often discover later that we had mistaken about the fact. This might be the case for our mathematical truths in which an ‘evil god’ is deceiving us from getting the correct solution to a problem every time we count or do the mathematics.

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