Furthermore, the purpose of citizenship education in schools is vital because, the children can learn about politics, rights the children are entitled to such as the right to education and how to be a good citizen in society. The Crick Report (1998, p.40) examined the benefits of citizenship education ‘in schools and colleges is to make secure and to increase the knowledge, skills, and values relevant to the nature and practices of participative democracy’. Another benefit of citizenship is to enhance awareness of rights and duties also the responsibilities needed for children to be active citizens. This will give value to the child, schools, and society of involvement in the local and wider community. There are three main strands of study in citizenship suggested by Crick in his Crick Report are as follows: firstly Social and moral responsibility – which is to do with children learning from the very beginning, self-confidence and socially and morally responsible for their behaviour both in and beyond the classroom, both towards those in authority and towards each other (this is an essential pre-condition for citizenship). Secondly community involvement -which involves children learning about and becoming helpfully involved in the life and concerns of their communities, including learning through community involvement and service to the community. Thirdly it will teach children on political literacy – this is when the child is learning about and how to make themselves effective in public life through knowledge, skills, and values. Other ideas on citizenship Kirwan (2008 p.41) states ‘citizenship education should address the understanding of morality cutting across the public / private sphere distinction’. Citizenship education is important in schools because it helps children value participation and in encouraging pupils to become more involved in a range of issues. So teachers must not simply tell students to vote but get the children to debate on issues.