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澳洲教育学作业代写:按种族划分的工资溢价差异

我们研究了两个样本时期白人和非白人大学生的工资溢价差异。“附录A”中的表1.4给出了两个种族每小时工资的估计。在表中,前两列显示了1980年和2014年白人的估计数,而非白人的估计数则显示在最后两列中。有证据表明,在这两个时期,非白人的大学工资溢价都高于白人。在其他条件相同的情况下,1980年非白人大学毕业生的工资比非白人高中毕业生高43.1%。同样,在白人中,大学毕业生的工资涨幅比1980年高中毕业生高38.3%。值得注意的是,从1980年到2014年,大学的工资溢价一直在上升,而且非白人的增长比白人更为明显。我们的实证结果表明,2014年非白人大学毕业生的工资水平比非白人高中毕业生高65.8%。具体来说,我们发现,考虑到这两个样本时期,非白人大学生的工资溢价增加了22.7%。另一方面,2014年白人大学生的工资溢价估计为59.1%。通过与20世纪80年代的估计进行比较,我们断言,在过去的34年里,白人大学的工资溢价增加了20.8%。经验证据表明,在过去30年里,白人和非白人的大学工资溢价都有所上升。然而,非白人大学生的工资溢价在每个时期都高于白人大学生。寻找导致收益溢价上升的可能原因是值得探索的

澳洲教育学作业代写:按种族划分的工资溢价差异

We examine the differences in the college wage premium for both whites and non-whites for both sample periods. Table 1.4 in “appendix A” presents estimates of the log of hourly wage for both race. In the table, the first two columns show estimates for whites in 1980 and 2014 whereas estimates for non-whites for these periods are displayed in the last two columns. Evidence suggests that the college wage premium is higher for non-whites than the whites for both periods. Non-whites college graduates receive 43.1% wage higher than non-whites high school graduates in 1980, other things being equal. Similarly, among the whites, individuals who graduate from college benefit from a wage increase by 38.3% than individuals who graduate from high school in 1980. It is noteworthy to mention that from 1980 to 2014, the college wage premium has increased, and the rise is more pronounced for the non-whites than the whites. Our empirical results suggest that in 2014, non-white college graduates received 65.8% wage higher than the non-white high school graduates. Specifically, we find that the college wage premium has increased by 22.7% among non-whites when the two sample periods are considered. On the other hand, the college wage premium for the whites in 2014 is estimated as 59.1%. By comparing this estimate to that of the 1980’s, we assert that over the 34-year period, the college wage premium has increased by 20.8% for the whites. The empirical evidence suggest that the college wage premium has increased for both whites and non-whites over the last three decades. However, the college wage premium within non-whites is higher than the whites for each period. It is worth exploring to find the possible reasons which has accounted to the rise in the earnings premium

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