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澳洲精英教育学院:城镇的居民

从这个贵族地房地产的政府,美国社会的少一个等级社会,机会平等是主角,每个人出生在相同的权利,每个人都有平等的机会成为一个绅士根据他们的教育水平。这实际上是一种粗略的平等,因为他们仍然以拥有的财产为基础。根据伍德的说法,平等是共和主义的核心;这是,大卫·拉姆齐说,“英联邦的生命和灵魂。共和党的公民身份意味着平等。“公民”(有时是“cit”)是前现代君主社会常用的词。它一般指的是一个城市或城镇的居民,他们与地主贵族或绅士阶层的成员区别开来[1]。然后,它是统治阶级的思想由无私的绅士,这个想法了,因为选择感兴趣的绅士是规则服从自己的特殊利益,但如果没有特别感兴趣,他们主要类规则对每个人都平等和公正而不仅仅是几。这里的问题是,这个由不感兴趣的绅士统治的模型会复制过去,复制过去的问题。因为这位无私的绅士也是人类,他们有特殊的兴趣去工作,即使他们声称没有任何特别的兴趣。有了这个平等的新概念,在现实中,那些声称自己不感兴趣的人,以及那些在社会地位较高的阶层的人,没有比其他拥有同样机会的人更有能力统治。

澳洲精英教育学院:城镇的居民

From this aristocratically estate of government, American society made its way to a less hierarchical society, where equality of opportunity was the main character, where every person was born with the same rights and where every man had the equal opportunity to become a gentleman based on their level of education. This was in the reality a rough equality, since they were still valuing people based on the property owned. According to Wood “equality lay at the heart of republicanism; it was, said David Ramsay, “the life and soul of commonwealth.” Republican citizenship implied equity. ‘Citizen’ (or sometimes ‘cit’) was a term that had been commonly used by the premodern monarchical society. It generally had meant the inhabitant of a city or town, who had been thus distinguished from a member of the landed nobility or gentry”[1]. Then, it came the idea of a ruling class composed by disinterested gentleman, this idea came up because the alternative was interested gentleman who were to rule obeying their own particular interests, but if the leading class had no particular interest they were to rule more equally and impartially to everyone instead than just for a few. The problem here is that this model of being ruled by disinterested gentleman would be replicating the past and with that, replicating the old problems. Since this disinterested gentleman were also human beings with their particular interests to work for, even when they claimed not to have any particular interest. With this new concept of equality, and in reality those who claimed to be disinterested and those on the higher social classes were not more capable to rule than the rest of the population who had access to the same opportunities.

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