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澳洲社会学作业代写:色情管制

为了进一步证明危害原则、危害检验和法律道德主义相结合能够证明国家干预是正当的,色情内容的审查和管制将受到质疑。色情内容,如视频、图片和音频,被认为是公共道德和个人利益之间的冲突。色情,在它的预期状态下,在它成为合法问题之前,将是一个道德问题。如果色情内容中的双方都是自愿的,那么身体伤害就被认为是无关紧要的,根据伤害原则,色情作品不能被审查。但同意的方面通常是基于假设,这是由洛丽·格伦指出,当她写道:“妇女抗议或拒绝是不被认为是合法的”(165),她解释说,即使在一个女人的行为说“不”通常是被描绘成“性别语言”(165),而不是否认或撤回同意参与色情活动。除非在性行为出现在屏幕上之前同意作为免责声明,否则无法真正知道哪些当事人已经或尚未同意所有将被拍摄和制作的行为。但不幸的是,同意是一个道德问题,而不是伤害,“道德主义不能凌驾于自由的价值之上”。这就是法律道德主义理论的不足之处,不雅行为的纯粹方面不能成为允许审查和管制或色情的国家干预的理由。米尔斯伤害原则只适用于非经双方同意的通过描述男性在身体上的优势而对女性造成的身体伤害。

澳洲社会学作业代写:色情管制

To further show how the harm principle, the harm test, and legal moralism combined can justify state interference, the censorship and regulation of pornographic content will be brought into question. Pornographic content such as videos, pictures and audio are known to be of conflict between public morality and individual interest. Porn, in its intended state would be a question of morality before it’s a question of legality. If both parties in pornographic content are consensual then physical harm is deemed irrelevant and under the harm principle pornography cannot be censored. But the aspect of consent is often based on assumption, this is pointed out by Lori Gruen when she wrote, “Women’s protests or refusals are not recognized as legitimate” (165), she explains that even in the act of a woman saying “no” it’s often portrayed as “sexual-language” (165) and not a denial or retraction of consent to the participation in sexually explicit activities. Unless consent is put as a disclaimer before the sexual acts are shown on screen, there is no way to truly know which parties have or haven’t agreed to all the acts that will be filmed and produced. But consent is unfortunately a question of morals, not harm, “moralism cannot override the value of liberty” (Gruen,159). This is where the theory of legal moralism falls short, the sheer aspect of indecency could not justify the interference from the state that would allow censorship and regulation or pornography. And, Mills harm principle would only be applicable in the case of nonconsensual physical harm caused to women through the portrayal of male superiority in physical dominance.

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