Environmental 代写:Indian National Action Plan On Climate Change
On June 30, 2008, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh released India’s first National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) outlining existing and future policies and programs addressing climate mitigation and adaptation. The plan identifies eight core “national missions” running through 2017 and directs ministries to submit detailed implementation plans to the Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change by December 2008. Emphasizing the overriding priority of maintaining high economic growth rates to raise living standards, the plan “identifies measures that promote our development objectives while also yielding co-benefits for addressing climate change effectively.” It says these national measures would be more successful with assistance from developed countries, and pledges that India’s per capita greenhouse gas emissions “will at no point exceed that of developed countries even as we pursue our development objectives.”
The national missions which are the key components of the strategy for sustainable development as follows:-
National Solar Mission. The NAPCC aims to promote the development and use of solar energy for power generation and other uses with the ultimate objective of making solar competitive with fossil-based energy options.
National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency. Under the national msn for enhanced energy efficiency, four new initiatives would be put in place. These include a market-based mechanism to improve the cost-effectiveness of improvements.
National Mission on Sustainable Habitat. The msn on sustainable habitat would include a major research and development programmes, focusing on biochemical conversion, waste water use, sewage utilisation and recycling options wherever possible.lt would promote energy efficiency as a core component of urban planning by providing incentives like use of public transportation etc.
National Water Mission. With water scarcity projected to worsen as a result of climate change, the plan sets a goal of a 20% improvement in water use efficiency through pricing and other measures.
National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem. The plan aims to conserve biodiversity, forest cover, and other ecological values in the Himalayan region, where glaciers that are a major source of India’s water supply are projected to recede as a result of global warming.