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影响企业家的触发因素

影响企业家的触发因素

在创业的研究介绍了许多方面的人们如何以及为什么决定新创企业(尚恩·斯蒂芬·菲南,2002)。创业者往往是由经济和/或心理因素。学者们一致认为,创业的过程和理论涉及一套复杂的变量,是超越任何单一方面。识别创业活动的动机和动机,包括传播几个层次的个人因素之间的关系,外部力量和其他随机事件(梁和邓恩,2007)。

从现有的文献中,我们可以合理地推测,推出一个新的合资企业的决定可能包括个人的内生因素和外部环境的外生因素。有限的研究讨论了创业前的企业家(谁是规划成为企业家)可能有不同的触发器推出新的企业相比,在企业(谁是扩大业务)专业人士。

由梁和邓恩(2007)“在个人或个人的情况下,他们的情况,使他们走向创业过程中所定义的触发器”。重要的是要区分“触发因素”和“触发事件”,从“触发器”。触发事件更像是“发生了一次或一个情节影响个人对情况的评估”触发因素可以被解释为“影响个人的观点在某些情况下的问题或功能”(梁和邓恩,2007)。

本研究测量的触发器,它影响的专业人士(谁是计划成为和那些谁希望扩大他们的业务)成为企业家。除了这一点,我们还将测量的触发和个人的人口统计之间的关系。

本研究对各种政府机构一样,中小企业是主要的兴趣(SMEDA),非政府组织(NGO),政策制定者的政府和企业对企业(B2B)的组织。这项研究的影响将有助于他们确定个人的模式,谁想成为企业家,并触发他们考虑开始新的冒险。

Research in entrepreneurship has introduced many aspects of how and why people make decisions in new venture creation (Shane, 2002). Entrepreneurial individuals are often motivated by economic and/or psychological factors. Scholars have agreed that the entrepreneurial process and theories involve a complex set of variables that are beyond any single aspect. To identify motives and incentives of entrepreneurial activities involves disseminating several layers of relationships between personal factors, external forces and other random events (Liang and Dunn, 2007).

From the existing literature we can rationally hypothesize that, the decision to launch a new venture probably includes individual endogenous factors and exogenous factors of the environment. Limited studies have discussed the possibility that pre business entrepreneurs (who are planning to become entrepreneur) might have different triggers to launch new ventures compared to in-business (who are expanding the business) professionals.

Triggers as defined by Liang and Dunn (2007) “forces in the individuals or in the individuals’ perception of their situation that move them toward the entrepreneurial process”. It is important to distinguish “triggering factors” and “triggering events” from “triggers”. Triggering events are more like “something happened as an occasion or an episode that influence individual’s assessment on the situation.” Triggering factors could be interpreted as “issues or features that influence individual’s perspectives about certain situations” (Liang and Dunn, 2007).

This study measures the triggers, which influences the professionals (who are planning to become and those who wants to expand their business) to become entrepreneurs. In addition to this we will also measure the relationship between the triggers and demographics of individuals.

This study is of major interest to various government organizations like small and medium enterprises (SMEDA), non government organizations (NGO), policy makers of government and business to business organization (B2B). Implications of this research study will help them to identify the pattern of individuals, who wants to become entrepreneurs and which triggers them to think about starting new venture.

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