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澳洲教育学论文代写:纯粹理性批判

摘要康德在《纯粹理性批判》第二版序言中,将其哲学与哥白尼革命进行了比较。据说,正如哥白尼相信所有天体都绕着太阳转一样,康德相信他是中心,一切都围绕着他的哲学运动。康德的哲学之所以具有革命性,是因为他把理性主义和经验主义结合在一起。由于康德的存在,理性主义者和经验主义者之间的争论结束了,认识论得以向前发展。康德在接触到休谟的《探究》一书后,受到启发建立了自己的哲学。他意识到他不同意休谟提出的许多问题,并决定驳斥这些问题。在他的《纯粹理性批判》一书中,他将休谟的思想与理性主义者的思想结合起来。康德同意经验主义者的观点,即感觉经验是所有信念的来源,但不同意那些信念不一定是正确的结论。他也不同意理性主义的观点,即关于什么存在,什么不存在的真理只能通过理性来决定。他声称思考和经验不能让我们知道事情的真相,从而消除了这场争论。相反,康德问我们是否可能拥有形而上学的知识。他声称,大脑通过空间和时间来分析它感知到的数据。因此,空间和时间并不是他之前的经验主义者和理性主义者所认为的外部现实的特征。

澳洲教育学论文代写:纯粹理性批判

In the Preface to the second edition of the “Critique of Pure Reason”, Immanuel Kant compares his philosophy to the Copernican Revolution. It is said that as Copernicus believed that all heavenly bodies moved round the sun, Kant believed he was the center, and that everything moved around his philosophy. The philosophy of Immanuel Kant was so revolutionary because he brought together rationalism and empiricism. Because of Kant, the debate between rationalists and empiricists ended, and epistemology could move forward.Kant was inspired to build his philosophy after he encountered a copy of Hume’s “Inquiry”. He realized that he disagreed with many of the issues Hume brought up, and decided to refute them. In his book, “The Critique of Pure Reason”, he combined the ideas of Hume and the ideas of rationalists. Kant agreed with the empiricist claim that sense experience is the source of all beliefs, but disagreed with the conclusion that those beliefs may not necessarily be true. He also disagreed with the rationalist idea that truths about what does or does not exist could be decided through reason alone. He eliminated the debate by claiming that thinking and experiencing cannot let us know how things really are. Instead, Kant asked if it was possible that we have metaphysical knowledge. He claimed that the mind analyzes the data it perceives in terms of space and time. So, space and time are not features of external reality, as the empiricists and rationalists before him believed.

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