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澳洲卧龙岗大学论文代写:全球治理

然而,真正的全球治理在何时何地开始重要,这是不确定的。可能在19世纪初。可以肯定的是,在“belleépoque”之后,世界开始崩溃。一个高度相互关联的全球相互依存的新时代已经开始,世界的答案是国际机构。第一次世界大战后的第一个和最重要的机构是国际联盟,它应该维持和平,但却给我们第二次世界大战失败。第二次尝试表明与联合国取得更大的成功。在第一次世界大战和第二次世界大战之间,我们有第一次现代经济崩溃和大萧条。在同一波新的国际机构中,国际货币基金组织和世界银行出生于更高的经济保护。然而,这一次,经济体制已经失败:已经跟随国际货币基金组织的国家经济危机,世界银行主要泄露美国经济学,但今天,发展中国家(在某些情况下,由于超速的全球化和坏的治理)甚至使他们的情况恶化,仍然没有什么代表性。最后,冷战。

威斯特伐利亚的和平是民族国家制度的起源。然后,它们在19世纪演变为领土政策的主要行为者,随后转移到福利国家。在世界各地的政治,经济和社会福利和问题大规模扩张之前,由于全球化,在运输和通信的进展向世界开放市场之前,国家国家是一切的中心。当然,由于全球化,各国已被削弱,因为它们的一些行动已分散到国际机构或已变得具有国际利益。虽然国家将采取有利于国家的利益,但现在需要采取更集体的行动,许多人口之间分享国家问题,因此转变为全球一级。

澳洲卧龙岗大学论文代写:全球治理

However where and when did really Global Governance started to matter it is not certain. Possibly at the beginning of the 19th century. What is certain is that after the “belle époque”, the world started to crash. A new era of highly interrelated global interdependence had begun and the world’s answer had been international institutions. The first and most important post World War I institutions was the League of Nations, which was supposed to maintain peace but miserably failed giving us World War II. The second attempt shows much more success with the United Nations. Between WWI and WWII, we have the first modern economic crash and the Great Depression. On the same wave of new international institutions, IMF and WB are born for a higher economic protection. However, this time round, the economic institutions have failed: nations which have followed IMF had economic crisis, the WB is mainly divulgating American economics and yet today, developing countries (which in some cases thanks to the combination of over speeded up globalization and bad governance) have even worsen their situation and still have little representation. Finally, the Cold war.

The peace of Westphalia is the origin of the a system of nation-states. These then evolved in the 19th century as the main actor of territorial policies and subsequently passed to the welfare state. Before the massive expansion of political, economical and social benefits and issues around the world had started due to globalization, and before the progress in transport and communication had opened markets to the world, the Nation-State was the center of everything. Certainly, because of globalization, States have been weakened due to the fact that some of their actions have either been diverged to international institution or have become of international interest. While the State would act in favor and interest of the Nation, now a more collective action is requested and national issues are shared between numerous populations, converting therefore to a global level.

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