Over the years, Hobbes’ arguments concerning the origins of virtues for human beings have been exposed to various interpretations, which are represented by two major ideas that see the contention between the laws of nature and the virtues in affecting individuals’ participation in actions. Many people seek to approach the origin of human virtuous dispositions from the perspective of the laws of nature, contending that human beings act virtuously out of the concerns of their self-interests for self-preservation. However, there are also numerous people arguing that the conception of virtues is constructed in the civil society. In this paper, I will present an overall exploration of how the civil society and self-interest impact the development of virtuous dispositions. Generally, I will provide a detailed analysis of how the pursuit of self-interest and the construction of the civil society shape the cultivation and development of virtuous dispositions and practices from two major aspects. In this first major part, I will analyze how Hobbes perceives that the laws of nature that are built on self-interest play significant roles in shaping morality and virtues. In the second major part, I will delve into how the civil society serves to create common standards for the cultivation and development of virtues in the perception of Hobbes. Through evaluating the influences of self-interest and the civil society, I will argue that Hobbes aims at demonstrating that virtuous dispositions are cultivated and socialized as moral agents in the civil society instead of being inherently generated by human beings’ self-interest.