Earlier researchers have tried to question why some students continue to participating in school music though it is not compulsory and why others decide to quit music study. Several others have examined the attitudes of students toward their music participation, their possible relationship to musical ability and their attitudes towards music; and the vast socio-economic, social and geographic factors affecting participation in school music. These researchers have reviewed these studies in an organized way that looks at the chronological age of the subjects, from elementary students to adult levels.
Mizener conducted a Survey of students concerning their attitudes toward school music at the elementary level and performed this by questioning 542 children in grades three through six grades. The concern was on their attitudes towards singing and choir participation. According to his survey, only 45% of the children surveyed opted to sing in the school choir while the remaining other preferred singing in alternative settings such as bathrooms. The study found no correlation between singing skill and attitudes toward school choir participation. This was because he also found out that some students were better singers but had no interests in singing in the choir. Mizener, however, made several recommendations to encourage positive attitudes and continued participation in school music based on the results of her questionnaire: this included the use of unpitched percussion for rhythmic exercises and drills use singing games to engage students musically and find songs that are in a limited, comfortable range for upper elementary students. Attitudes toward school music at the elementary level are neither constant nor consistent. Mizener